The Python ecosystem goes far beyond the Standard Library, with many third-party modules available on the Python Package Index (PyPI) and elsewhere on the web.

Because these modules are not part of the standard Python distribution, they need to installed on your system first.

RoboFont comes with several external modules embedded and ready to use – see Embedded libraries for the complete list.

Installing modules

There are different ways to install a module. We recommend using pip.

Installing modules with pip

Installing packages using pip in Terminal will make them available for the system Python. Using the Package Installer will make packages available only inside RoboFont.

pip is included in the latest distributions of Python. Make sure it’s up-to-date:

pip install -U pip

Packages from the Python Package Index (PyPI) can be installed by name:

pip install SomePackage          # latest version
pip install SomePackage==1.0.4   # specific version
pip install 'SomePackage>=1.0.4' # minimum version

It’s also possible to install a package from a git repository:

pip install https://github.com/user/repository/archive/branch.zip

Installing modules with setup scripts

Some packages include a setup script which copies all files to their appropriate locations. Such a package can be installed by running its setup.py script in Terminal:

python /someFolder/myPackage/setup.py

Installing modules with .pth files

Modules can be installed manually using .pth files – simple text files containing the path to the root folder where the module is located. For example:

/someFolder/myPackage/Lib/

The easiest way to get the full path for a file or folder – without having to type it – is by dragging it from Finder into a code editor or Terminal.

.pth files must be saved in the site-packages folder of the desired version of Python:

/Library/Python/3.7/site-packages/myModule.pth

This method installs packages by creating a reference to the folder which contains the module.

Appending modules to sys.path

import sys
sys.path.append('/someFolder/myPackage/Lib/')

Testing a module

To see if a module is installed, just try to import it in the desired environment:

import myModule

If no error is raised, you’re good to go.

Last edited on 12/12/2019